Cashmere Manufacturing Process

From Fibers to Yarns

Our fibers come from the magnificent cashmere goats who produce the finest, longest and softest cashmere in the world. 

Join us in this journey where we will show you how we use the precious fibers to make cashmere scarves, blankets, hats, gloves and other cashmere products.

Combing or Shearing

Cashmere is generally shed by the goat during April, this fine fiber is collected by hand-combing or shearing

Sorting Cashmere

Artisans manually sort each fiber depending on its colors, origin and fineness.

Cleaning Cashmere

The sorted cashmere is washed to remove impurities such as grease, dirt and straw.

The process contains washing and drying.

Carding (Dehairing) Cashmere

The cleaned cashmere fibers go through a carding machine to remove coarse hair. After several times of carding, the fibers are separated, disentangled and aired to give the fluffy appearance.

Dyeing  Cashmere  Fibers

1. Fiber dyeing: We dye the carded cashmere prior to weaving, which gets the best result. Preferred method.         

2. Yarn dyeing:   This consists of dyeing the spools of raw wool thread after spinning.                    

3. Piece dyeing: This is generally the least expensive technique. The product is woven (or knitted) in its natural color and then dyed into different colors.

Spinning  the  Fibers  into Yarn

Spinning consists of twisting the cashmere fibers to obtain a more durable continuous yarn, transforming the fibers into a fine, smooth, compact yarn. There are three kinds of spinning                                       

1.  Worsted spinning (long fibers):

The fibers are combed during spinning to remove the air spaces and more twist is applied, creating a fine, smooth, durable yarn. This method is used primarily for high quality fine gauge knitwear and    summer weight scarves.

2.  Woolen spinning (mid-long fibers):

The fibers are not combed when they are spun, and a little twist is applied.  This gives a soft, lofty thread. This method is used primarily for knitwear and winter scarves. 

3.  Semi-worsted spinning (short fibers): This is the least expensive spinning method. It can spin short and thick fibers into yarn. This method is used primarily for low quality thinner knitwear and summer weight scarves.

Wrapping

The cashmere yarns (threads) are drawn off by a drum to which they get wrapped around another drum.

Weaving

The warp threads are drawn up though the loom and then the weft yarn is inserted in the desired design, this is the weaving process at work. We use different thickness of yarns and, by increasing or decreasing the density of the threads, we can create different widths and thicknesses of fabrics.

Darning

Once it is woven the cylinder (woven roll) is taken out and inspected for any faults that may have occurred during weaving. If faults are found then they must be repaired by hand to make the fabric perfect.

Finishing

The fabric is then sent to a finishing processes which includes the following steps:

Brushing:

Rotating cylinders wrapped with steel cloth, brushes the cashmere fabrics to make a fuzz on its  surface.

Fulling:   

This involves two procedures, scouring (washing) and milling (thickening).

The main function of fulling is to thicken the fabric by matting the cashmere fibres together to give it strength and increase waterproofing (felting). This is vital in the case of woollen scarves. Felting of cashmere occurs when mechanical agitation causes the microscopic barbs on the surface of cashmere fibres to hook together.

Cutting

For a scarf or a throw the fabric will pass through a cutting machine which will split it into the correct sizing and cross cut at the fringe edges.

Labelling and Tagging

All labelling requirements are added at this stage.

Branded labels, swing tags and care information.

Final Inspection

We have different inspections following the manufacturing processes.

This is the final inspection before packing.

Packing

All items are packaged as required and made ready for shipping.